Case Snapshot
Case ID: 18883
Classification: Hoarding
Animal: horse
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Prosecutor(s): Jennifer Nodes
Defense(s): Robert Richman

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For more information about the Interactive Animal Cruelty Maps, see the map notes.

Tuesday, Nov 1, 2011

County: Anoka

Charges: Misdemeanor
Disposition: Alleged
Case Images: 8 files available

Alleged: Lowell George Friday

Case Updates: 3 update(s) available

The Anoka County attorney's office on Wednesday declined to file animal cruelty charges against a horse boarder whom authorities investigated after several animals allegedly became ill from malnutrition.

Lowell Friday, who runs a horse-boarding business on his farm in East Bethel, had 17 horses confiscated in the past three months. Although the animals were emaciated and had lice and intestinal parasites, they would have had to die or suffer great bodily harm for Friday to be charged with felony animal cruelty, Assistant County Attorney Bryan Lindberg said. His office directed the investigator to submit reports to the East Bethel city attorney for possible misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor charges.

"The health of the horses wasn't great," Lindberg said. "But the horses are back on track and given to foster care homes. They had no life-threatening ailments or injuries."

Friday couldn't be reached for comment.

Last week, seven horses were removed from Friday's business. About 30 horses remain on the farm. Of the seven horses brought to the University of Minnesota Veterinary Center, two were regarded as within several weeks of dying from malnutrition. Most were 200 to 300 pounds below normal weight.

Friday was convicted of a misdemeanor mistreatment of animals charge after the death of colts in 2007.

Case Updates

Agents who investigated every horse-cruelty case in Minnesota the past two decades, tired of seeing the same repeat offenders consistently get charges reduced and punishments lightened, are hoping a mix of a tough prosecutor, a questioning judge and an outpouring of public support will finally change the way defendants in horse-mistreatment cases are charged.

"The system isn't working for animals, especially for horses," said Howard Goldman, state director of the Humane Society of the United States. "The prosecutors are not familiar with this area of the law, sheriffs are indifferent and judges are aware of the potential costs. But damn it, cruelty is cruelty."

Felonies in the mistreatment of horses have been charged before in Minnesota, only to be rescinded. Prosecutors are hesitant to charge felonies in cases that could cost counties tens of thousands of dollars in veterinary and rehabilitation bills. But in Minnesota, where an estimated 600 horses have starved to death over the past four years, two pending cases in Waseca and Olmsted counties have members of the state's horse and legal community eager to see whether any of the felony counts will hold up in court.

A conviction for a felony carries a maximum two-year sentence and $5,000 fine, but the maximum penalty for a misdemeanor conviction is 90 days and $1,000.

"It's more than the fine or the jail time," said Sherry Ramsey, a New York-based attorney for the Humane Society of the United States. "These people are almost always repeat offenders. We need to put an end to this."

The latest felony charges come at a time of renewed awareness of horse cruelty, thanks to a highly publicized case involving East Bethel rancher Lowell Friday. After years of complaints about malnourished horses, Friday, 72, saw 17 of his horses seized last year by authorities from Anoka County and the Animal Humane Society. The horses were grossly emaciated and infested with parasites, authorities said. Crystal, a year-old paint filly, was so weak it collapsed while being loaded into a van. Another horse, Little Joe Cartwright, had to be euthanized.

Friday was charged in January with 35 gross misdemeanor counts alleging animal cruelty and neglect. A month later, all 35 charges were reduced to misdemeanors. He returns to court April 26 for a preliminary hearing.

"When you have a repeat offender like Lowell Friday and one of the horses has to be euthanized, you hope for a felony," said Drew Fitzpatrick, who runs a nonprofit horse rescue operation in Zimmerman, Minn., and has overseen the rehabilitation of several of Friday's horses. "But I suppose in Minnesota, a felony's not realistic."

Ten years ago, Michael David Clancy, of Sandstone, was charged with 54 felony counts of cruelty to animals after Pine County authorities found nine dead horses on his property. Pastures were bare. Hay was of marginal quality. The pond from which the horses drank was about to freeze, and the horses were provided no man-made shelter, according to court documents.

Clancy, now 59, pleaded guilty -- to one misdemeanor. All the felony charges were dropped.

Minnesota is one of 20 states that ask animal owners charged with mistreatment to pay for the caring of animals that are confiscated by authorities, Ramsey said. But felony cases can take years. Many defendants in abuse cases involving horses stopped feeding their horses because they no longer could afford to do so.

"Good luck in collecting that," said Mark Ostrem, Olmsted County attorney.

There are 130,000 horse owners in Minnesota, Goldman said. Many of them think of horses as companion animals, but horses still are considered livestock, or property used for farming, said Katy Bloomquist, a Chaska attorney who specializes in equine and animal law.

"If they were companion animals, it's possible that felony prosecution would be more strictly enforced," Bloomquist said.

But in Waseca County, in one of the two cases that has given animal advocates hope, horses are being considered companion animals. In denying dismissal of five felony charges against Patrick Michael Holt, 51, of Waseca, in the deaths of three miniature horses, a pony and a goat, Waseca County District Judge Larry M. Collins ruled that there is probable cause that miniature horses and a goat could be considered companion animals. Collins cited a law that defines a companion animal as one that's owned and cared for by a person for "enjoyment."

"Why charge felonies?" asked Brenda Miller, the prosecutor for the Holt case. "Look at the definition of torture. It includes not providing care, not providing food."

Investigators Keith Streff and Wade Hanson have worked a combined 46 years for the Humane Society. Streff, who investigated Holt's ranch, knows that prosecutors and judges don't always agree as to what constitutes a felony.

But in Olmsted County, the site of the other case that the Minnesota horse community will be watching carefully, Ostrem said that charging Gregory Mark Soukup, 40, of Rochester, with two felony counts of animal cruelty was "a no-brainer." Soukup allegedly inserted his hand and a lancing whip into a horse's rectum, so injuring the horse's intestines that the animal had to be euthanized, Ostrem said.

"I know animal cases can be huge resource issues, but in this case, the felony charges were a slam dunk," Ostrem said.
Source: - Apr 4, 2012
Update posted on Apr 4, 2012 - 10:39PM 
An East Bethel ranch owner, some of whose horses were found to be starved, infested with parasites and living in hazardous conditions, had 35 charges of animal cruelty against him reduced from gross misdemeanors to misdemeanors on Thursday in Anoka County court.

Lowell Friday, 72, who runs a horse-boarding business and who had 17 of his horses seized by authorities last year, could not be charged with gross misdemeanors because the penalties for the stiffer charges do not fit the laws he is accused of violating, his attorney, Robert Richman, explained after a brief hearing.

In 2009, Friday pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of mistreating animals but is not on probation, Richman said. The attorney said Friday plans to contest the current 35 misdemeanor charges.

The amendment to the charges was agreed upon by prosecutor Jennifer Nodes and Richman before Thursday's hearing. Friday declined to comment.

The maximum penalty for conviction of each misdemeanor is 90 days in jail and/or a $1,000 fine. The maximum penalty for each gross misdemeanor would have been a year in jail and/or a $3,000 fine.

A pretrial hearing has been scheduled for April 26.

Drew Fitzpatrick, who runs a nonprofit horse-rescue operation in Zimmerman, Minn., has overseen the rehabilitation of several of Friday's seized horses after they were treated by University of Minnesota veterinarians. After learning about the hearing, which she did not attend, Fitzpatrick said: "Is he still charged with 35 counts? Good!"

Of the 17 seized horses, one had to be euthanized, but others are recovering nicely, she said. A Paint filly named Crystal, who needed a steroid injection to get the strength to load into the trailer at Friday's property, has gained 200 pounds and has a new home in St. Francis, Fitzpatrick said.

As many as seven of the seized horses may compete later this year in a trainers' challenge in St. Paul, Fitzpatrick said.
Source: - Feb 23, 2012
Update posted on Feb 23, 2012 - 9:28PM 
Lowell Friday, 72, is due in court to face the charges on Feb. 23.
Source: - Jan 12, 2012
Update posted on Jan 12, 2012 - 6:39PM 


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